In Part One of this series, I wrote about how to find good volunteers. Finding good volunteers is half the battle. You want them to stay, and in order for that to happen, volunteers need to be motivated and supported. Some of the biggest problem areas for volunteers are not having enough work to do, doing work they don't want to do, and not feeling appreciated.
I mentioned this before, but it bears repeating - Don't take on volunteers if you can't support them. If you don't have something concrete for the person to do on a regular basis, don't take someone on at this time. Volunteers need structure, as well as effort and engagement from the staff.
Are you ready for your new volunteers?
If you are bringing in volunteers to work in your office, make sure they have a decent workspace and computer to use.
Each volunteer should have a supervisor. Other people in the office may have work for the volunteer, but it should all be directed through the supervisor.
Each volunteer should also have a work plan, which can be transformed from the position description. This link includes some sample workplans. Workplace Template They may be more complex than you need.
I strongly recommend putting together a volunteer manual for all volunteers. This can include information such as history and mission, organizational policies, accomplishments, and key messages. You can also write out specific instructions pertaining to each volunteer's work.
Here are some sample volunteer manuals.
The second one also includes other sample templates such as a volunteer contract.
On their first day
Before your volunteers start work, give them a good orientation. Show them around the office, introduce them to everyone, and show them how pertinent equipment (computer, copier, etc.) works.
Go over the volunteer manual and the volunteer's work plan. The volunteer should have input about the type of work they will be doing. Make sure everything is clear.
The amount of training you give your volunteers will depend upon their experience. Take time to give them the best training possible.
In addition, do something special for them on their first day. The Volunteer Manager at a place I used to work would always bring in a cupcake for new volunteers. Another good idea is for the volunteers to eat lunch with the staff. You could either go out or have pizza at the office. This is a great opportunity for volunteers to get to know people.
Are they lovin' it?
Make sure your volunteer's experience is a good one. While structure is important, be flexible if the volunteer needs to make a change in their schedule. Volunteers should enjoy the work they for you, and they should like coming in to help. Don't give them work they don't want to do.
Keep it up
Volunteers and their supervisors should hold a weekly check-in meeting to go over progress and exchange feedback. It doesn't have to be a long meeting, but it can help volunteers feel engaged, while the supervisor can assess how well the volunteer is doing.
Volunteers need to feel appreciated. A simple thank you is always good. So is bringing in treats for them, having a regular lunch together, holding a recognition event, and including volunteer profiles in your newsletter or website.
Volunteers like to be included. If it's appropriate, invite them to attend staff or committee meetings. Keep them updated on your organization's progress and accomplishments. Good volunteers could even manage other volunteers
Keep showing appreciation, but make sure it's sincere and specific. Encourage everyone on the staff to make your volunteers feel appreciated.
Is it working?
While it's important to show appreciation, you need to give your volunteers honest, constructive feedback. This is why the weekly check-in meeting is so important. Help your volunteers if they need improvement or give them another task that might be better suited for them. If a volunteer isn't working work out, it doesn't benefit anyone if you keep the person on.
Investing the time to keep your volunteers motivated and supported will pay off for everyone in your organization.
Developing and Managing Volunteer Programs
Photo by The Big Lunch via Flickr
Photo by The Big Lunch via Flickr